Applied Physics in Medicine (FA2)
Main lines of research:
- characterization of thermo-fluids
- development and extension of thermodynamic models and expert systems
- detection of spills, red tides, fisheries and water quality using remote sensing, geographic information systems and artificial intelligence systems
- Thermotherapy. The use of springs for therapeutic peloids.
The group of Prof. José Luis Legido Soto has implemented new experimental techniques for measuring thermophysical properties over a wide range of pressure and temperature, as well as developing models for prediction of such properties. The group has links with international groups from universities or Research Institutions. The group also is part of the Space Observation European Space Agency (ESA) in the Envisat project. The research during these years focused on the characterization of thermo-fluids and the development and extension of thermodynamic models and expert systems. On these lines went over twenty theses and two hundred published research papers.
Another research line relates with the detection of spills, red tides, fisheries and water quality using remote sensing, geographic information systems and artificial intelligence systems. The group also performs partnership contracts with the Department of Environment and Rural Activities of the Xunta de Galicia and the Secretariat of Maritime Fishing.
The group is developing an innovative line of biomedical research on the use of springs for therapeutic peloids. Thermotherapy is a branch of physical medicine that involves the use of thermal energy for therapeutic purposes. Elevated or decreased body temperature produces different vascular and neuromuscular effects. Moreover, the thermo therapeutics techniques have effects on metabolic and enzymatic activity, analgesic effects and alterations of the viscoelastic properties of tissues. The agents used in thermo therapeutics to raise or lower the body temperature can be solid or semisolid materials, liquids, gases, electromagnetic waves, ultrasound, etc.. Also included here is the thermal compounds, like water, peloids, muds or "para-muds", which are used to facilitate therapeutic types based on heat conduction.
The peloids are thermo therapeutic agents consisting of a more or less solid complex and another liquid, which can be medicinal mineral water, from sea or salt lake. Its application over the skin, either general or local, is called Pelotherapy, and it has been a common known old practice. The main indications of thermotherapy are: diseases of the skeletal muscle system, functional and organic disorders of peripheral blood flow, abdominal spastic disorders and subacute processes and chronic pelvic area.
The group takes part in the European project (SUDOE) entitled TERMARED for research at spas in northern Portugal, Galicia and the south of France.